诺奖得主杨振宁教授谈大学生如何学习英语 — ScalersTalk成长会 – 持续行动,笔耕不辍 – ScalersTalk Wonderland

诺奖得主杨振宁教授谈大学生如何学习英语

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2004年,杨振宁教授归国,回到清华园。同年9月起,为清华本科生讲授《普通物理学》。在课程开场的时候,杨振宁教授谈了谈英语学习的问题。

杨振宁教授主要讲了以下几个观点:

1.英语有很多模块,听说读写,但是贯穿其中的是你的发音。发音是各个模块的共通的基础。

2.中国人初学英语会不习惯英语的发音方式。因为中文用口腔的前部分,而英文用口腔的后部分。

3.解决的方法是早上大声朗读,每天都朗读,持续一个月,会有很大的进步。

4.把你的英语朗读录音下来,练习一个月之后,你再对比听一下,会发现有很大的进步。

这个我很有发言权啊,我做了一个#ScalersTalk千人早起晨读团#的活动,就是做的每天早起晨读,带着1000多人模仿,大家可以刷这个微博话题看看反馈。很多参加的人表示,的确是有很大的进步。

大家有没有发现,其实教授也没有讲很多所谓高深的方法。就是,注意发音,持续练习。练习一个月,会发现有进步。

(从第2分钟开始)

这段视频是早起晨读团的一位小伙伴提供给我的。我看了以后,发现和我们在#ScalersTalk千人早起晨读团#做的事情基本上是一样的:我们每天早上练习半小时,而且主要是在模仿,模仿就是重点突破发音,而且我也要求所有成员录音,第1期一个月录音对比下来,然后我们已经用实践证明,通过一个月的时间,获得了长足的进展。

我不敢说英雄所见略同,毕竟杨振宁教授算大师级人物了,但是在英语学习上,他所讲述的,和我现在所做的事情,还是有诸多神似的。但是还有一点就,我们都不是英语专业。

然后讲讲两个八卦:

1. 我09年在清华读书的时候,有一次在科学馆听讲座,发现有位长者坐在第一排,向讲者提问,然后发现是杨振宁教授。其实听了他的提问我是汗颜,因为他听的比我更认真。

2. 在2012年,我当时在的清华研究生会,邀请杨振宁教授做了一个报告《我的学习与研究经历》,有幸聆听教授讲自己的学术生涯。我算是工作人员之一,放几张当年的图。

 

最后,我今天把这一段珍贵的视频整理出来,由ScalersTalk成长会听力狂练小组听写出文本。

以下文本为ScalersTalk成长会听力狂练小组出品。

听写:困莉丝豆,瓶子,Yvonne,Infinity 校对:Lily

原始视频在http://www.bilibili.com/video/av1085694/

But I also want you to learn some English. I understand some of you would be able to understand my English. But others may have some difficulties. I hope by speaking slowly you could understand most of what I say. But I want also to tell you a very good method to learn English. To learn English, you have to learn how to listen, how to read, how to speak and how to write. Although those are very different, there is one thing which ties them together, that is your own pronunciation.

For a Chinese student, at the beginning, there’s a tendency to be very much afraid to speak because the Chinese pronunciation and English pronunciation are very different. The Chinese language emphasizes the muscular movement of the mouth in the front, like the lips, the teeth, the tongue. In English, the main part of the vocal organs are more backward, so you have to learn to move the center of attention when you speak from the front of the mouth to the back of the mouth.

And how do you do that? There is no better way than to read aloud.

So I want every one of you to spend maybe three or four minutes every day and read aloud. If you practice that for, let’s say, for a month, I can guarantee, your English would improve. Because, for example, English grammar has many peculiar features which are not understandable to a Chinese student.

我刚练英文的时候,觉得很奇怪,“I am”、“you are”、“he is”,为什么要更改,为什么多数要加s。我当初练的时候最初觉得这个很不自然,觉得中国这个是比较自然,可是后来我懂了,所以有这些加s,有些inclination,它的原因是与发音有关系的,所以你如果发音发得好的话,很多文法上的问题,You would understand naturally.

Therefore, to try to pronounce, think correctly and aloud is very important.

For example, you have, in front of you, this handout. Everybody has that. On the first page isappendix. I’m going to add(it) to the dictionary. I’m going to add (it)to the dictionary later. But if you turn to the next page, the next few pages are from Feynman’s book. So I’ll give you an example. If you look at the first paragraph of this handout from Feynman, it’s a very short paragraph, you can spend two minutes in the morning, read it aloud. In fact, probably in front of a mirror. Because then you can watch yourself. If you have a recorder, record it. After one month, you would realize, after one month of this practice, if you listen to what you had recorded a month ago, you would realize that you have improved. So this is the important thing I want to do this.

最后,我们第2期的#ScalersTalk千人早起晨读团#也马上要启动了。看了杨振宁教授的观点,你是不是明白我做这些事情的良苦用心了……大师者这么说了,所以你也不要想太多,跟着我们一起好好练习吧。

参见文章《我们再来一发早起晨读——ScalersTalk千人早起晨读团第II期报名开放》,支付宝扫码来玩吧!


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成长会是由Scalers发起的面向成长、实践行动,且凝聚了来自全球各地各行各业从业者的社群。有意入会者请和Scalers直接联系,我和其他会员会和你直接交流关于成长行动等各方面的经验教训。2016年成长会持续招募中,参见做能说会写的持续行动者:ScalersTalk成长会2016年会员计划介绍(2016.3更新)

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